Satwa, Shankh jadi (Paris Polyphylla)

 
 
Satwa1

satwa2

 

Habitat:

Paris polyphylla is found in many parts of Himalayun Regions inIndia.

Description:

Leaves are found in a whorl of 4 to 9 leaves and they are petioled (4–6 cm), oblong, or lanceolate, acuminate. The base of the leaf is rounded to cuneate in shape. The dull-green leaves contain three primary veins and spread out in a horizontal whorl at the top of the stem. The leaves are known to have a narcotic odor. Rhizomes, which are stems of plants that usually grow underground and send out roots and shoots from their nodes, grow in a creeping manner. The stem grows about a foot high and it is simple, erect, smooth, round and naked, except at the top. It is relatively thin.

Medicinal Uses:            

                            The roots of Polyphylla are analgesic, anti-phlogistic, antipyretic, antispasmodic, anthelmintic, anti-tussive, depurative, febrifuge and narcotic. A decoction of the roots is used in the treatment of poisonous snakebites, boils and ulcers, diphtheria and epidemic Japanese B encephalitis. A paste of the roots is used as a poultice to treat cuts and wounds. The juice of the roots has been used as an anthelmintic. The whole plant is a febrifuge.