Neem Patti (Azadirachta Indica)

 
 
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Habitat:

Azadirachta indica, commonly known as neemnimtree or Indian lilac, is native to the Indian subcontinent, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and Maldives. It is typically grown in tropical and semi-tropical regions. Neem trees also grow in islands located in the southern part of Iran

Description:

Neem is a fast-growing tree that can reach a height of 15–20 metres (49–66 ft), and rarely 35–40 metres (115–131 ft). It is evergreen, but in severe drought it may shed most of its leaves or nearly all leaves. The branches are wide and spreading.

 

Medicinal Uses:

Neem leaves are dried in India and placed in cupboards to prevent insects eating the clothes, and also in tins where rice is stored. These flowers are also used in many Indian festivals like Ugadi.

Products made from neem trees have been used in India for over two millennia for their medicinal properties.Neem products are believed by Siddha and Ayurvedic practitioners to be anthelmintic, antifungal, antidiabetic, antibacterial, antiviral, contraceptive, and sedative.It is considered a major component in siddha medicine and Ayurvedic and Unani medicine and is particularly prescribed for skin diseases. Neem oil is also used for healthy hair, to improve liver function, detoxify the blood, and balance blood sugar levels.Neem leaves have also been used to treat skin diseases like eczema, psoriasis, etc.

Neem oil is used for preparing cosmetics such as soap, shampoo, balms, and creams as well as toothpaste

Neem oil is non-drying and it resists degradation better than most vegetable oils. In rural India, it is commonly used to grease cart wheels. Neem extract is added to fertilizers (urea) as a nitrification inhibitor.

Ayurveda was the first to bring the anthelmintic, antifungal, antibacterial, and antiviral constituents of the neem tree to the attention of natural products chemists